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The Candlemas (Feast candles) is a popular festival of pagan origin related to the light, it also corresponds to a religious festival otherwise known as the Christian Presentation of Christ in the Temple. They also said once Hypapante.

Where: France

When: 2nd February – 2014

The name of this festival, Candlemas, or the Feast of candlelight has a Latin and pagan origin: festa candelarum.

In Romans, we celebrated the Lupercalia in the vicinity of 15 February, inspired celebrations Lupercus, god of fertility and flocks. At the same time, there is also the feast of Feralia.
Among the Celts, we celebrated Imbolc the 1st February. This rite in honor of the goddess Brigit, celebrated the purification and fertility at the end of winter. peasants carrying torches and roamed the fields procession, praying the goddess to purify the land before sowing.

In the 5th century, Pope Gelasius I first replaced this festival with ancient Lupercalia or holiday Proserpine and Ceres. In churches, the torches are replaced by blessed candles whose light is supposed to ward off evil and recalls that Christ is the light of the world. Christians then relate the candles at home to protect their homes. In 1372, this festival is also associated with the purification of the Virgin.

Pancakes with their round shape and golden color remind the sun, which would explain why pancakes at Candlemas, the time of year when the days lengthen more quickly it makes. It is also at this time of year as winter sowing began. We therefore used the excess flour to make these pancakes, which are a symbol of prosperity for the coming year.

What do people do?
Many Christians consider Jesus as the “light of the world” so it is fitting that candles are blessed on this day and that a candle-lit procession precedes the mass. It is traditional to eat crepes on Candlemas in some parts of Europe, such as France. Each family member prepares and cooks a crepe while holding a coin in hand. This is believed to assure wealth and happiness until the next Candlemas celebration.

Candlemas is also known as Candelaria in Spanish speaking countries. Whoever finds baby figures hidden inside the Rosca de Reyes (Kings Cake) on Epiphany on January 6 is obliged to bring food to a gathering held on February 2. Many Orthodox Christians celebrate this event by bringing beeswax candles to their local church and requesting for these candles to be blessed to be used in the church or at home. Some Christians observe the practice of leaving Christmas decorations up until Candlemas.

Snowdrops (galanthas nivalis) are known as Candlemas Bells because they often bloom early in the year, even before Candlemas. Some varieties bloom all winter (in the northern hemisphere). The superstitious used to believe that these flowers should not be brought into the house prior to Candlemas. However, it is also believed in more recent times that these flowers purify a home.

According to folklore, an angel helped these Candlemas bells to bloom and pointed them as a sign of hope to Eve, who wept in repentance and in despair over the cold and death that entered the world. Many Christians see the flower as a symbol of Jesus Christ being this hope for the world. Candles that are lit during Candlemas also symbolize Jesus as the “light of the world”.

Read more about Celebrations: French Candlemas – La Chandeleur

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November 272013

Christmas is an annual commemoration of the delivery of Jesus Christ and a widely noticed vacation, celebrated generally on December 25 with the aid of thousands and thousands of individuals around the globe. A feast primary to the Christian liturgical 12 months, it closes the appearance season and initiates the twelve days of Christmastide, which ends after the twelfth night time. Christmas is a civil holiday in some of the world’s countries, is well known by means of an increasing number of non-Christians, and is a vital part of the Christmas and holiday season.


25th December of every year

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The celebratory customs related in more than a few international locations with Christmas have a mixture of pre-Christian, Christian, and secular topics and origins. in style up to date customs of the holiday include present giving, Christmas music and caroling, an exchange of Christmas cards, church celebrations, a special meal, and the display of various Christmas decorations, including Christmas timber, Christmas lights, nativity scenes, garlands, wreaths, mistletoe, and holly. as well as, a number of closely related and regularly interchangeable figures, referred to as Santa Claus, Father Christmas, Saint Nicholas, and Christkind, are related to bringing gifts to youngsters right through the Christmas season and have their very own body of traditions and lore. as a result of present-giving and plenty of other factors of the Christmas pageant contain heightened economic activity among each Christians and non-Christians, the holiday has become a significant event and a key gross sales length for shops and businesses. the industrial affect of Christmas is a factor that has grown often during the last few centuries in lots of areas of the arena.

Christmas Day is widely known as a huge competition and public vacation in international locations around the world, together with many whose populations are principally non-Christian. In some non-Christian nations, periods of former colonial rule presented the social gathering (e.g. Hong Kong); in others, Christian minorities or foreign cultural influences have led populations to watch the vacation. nations such as Japan, the place Christmas is widespread despite there being handiest a small collection of Christians, have adopted among the secular components of Christmas, comparable to reward-giving, decorations, and yuletide bushes.

nations by which Christmas will not be a proper public holiday embody Afghanistan, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (excepting Hong Kong and Macao), Comoros, Iran, Israel, Japan, Kuwait, Laos, Libya, Maldives, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, and Yemen. Christmas celebrations all over the world can vary markedly in form, reflecting differing cultural and nationwide traditions.

amongst nations with a strong Christian custom, numerous Christmas celebrations have developed that contain regional and local cultures. For Christians, collaborating in a religious service performs an important section in the recognition of the season. Christmas, along with Easter, is the length of perfect annual church attendance. In Catholic international locations, individuals cling religious processions or parades within the days previous Christmas. In different countries, secular processions or parades that includes Santa Claus and other seasonal figures are incessantly held. family reunions and the change of items are a popular characteristic of the season. present giving takes position on Christmas Day in most countries. Others follow reward giving on December 6, Saint Nicholas Day, and January 6, Epiphany.

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Thanksgiving Day (Jour de l’motion de grâce in Canadian French) is a nationwide vacation celebrated essentially in the U.S. and Canada as a day of giving thanks for the blessing of the harvest and of the preceding year. a number of different locations around the globe examine equivalent celebrations. it’s celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November in the united states and on the 2nd Monday of October in Canada. Thanksgiving has its historic roots in non secular and cultural traditions, and has long been celebrated in a secular manner as neatly.


united states of america/Canada


Monday, October 14 2013

Thanksgiving Dates

Thanksgiving in the us is at all times celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. In Canada, Thanksgiving is celebrated the 2d Monday in October.

12 monthsU.S. ThanksgivingCanadian Thanksgiving
2012Thursday, November 22Monday, October eight
2013Thursday, November 28Monday, October 14
2014Thursday, November 27Monday, October thirteen
2015Thursday, November 26Monday, October 12


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Thanksgiving Day – USA
November 142013

Thanksgiving Day (Jour de l’action de grâce in Canadian French) is a national holiday celebrated primarily in the U.S. and Canada as a day of giving thanks for the blessing of the harvest and of the previous yr. several different locations world wide study similar celebrations. it is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November in the U.S. and on the 2nd Monday of October in Canada. Thanksgiving has its historic roots in spiritual and cultural traditions, and has long been celebrated in a secular method as neatly.

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Thursday, November 28 2013

Thanksgiving Dates

Thanksgiving in the united states is always celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. In Canada, Thanksgiving is well known the 2nd Monday in October.

yearU.S. ThanksgivingCanadian Thanksgiving
2012Thursday, November 22Monday, October eight
2013Thursday, November 28Monday, October 14
2014Thursday, November 27Monday, October 13
2015Thursday, November 26Monday, October 12


complete knowledge: Future dates of Thanksgiving Day

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Veterans Day
November 62013

Veterans Day, an annual American holiday honoring militia veterans. A federal holiday, it is regularly noticed on November 11. On November 11,1918, the armistice signed between the Allies of World battle I and Germany at Compiègne. in many components of the sector people take a two-minute moment of silence at eleven:00 a.m. as an indication of respect for the roughly 20 million people who died within the the present time also recognize by varies names in lots of nations like Armistice Day or Remembrance Day.


11 november

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If this holiday happens on a Sunday then the following Monday is detailed for vacation go away, and if it occurs Saturday then either Saturday or Friday may be so distinct,this is for more individuals to attend and participate in the events. most faculties, right through the U.S. regularly grasp assemblies on a faculty day prior, with more than a few displays recognizing teachers and team of workers individuals who served in one of the five branches of the united states armed forces, as well as remembering the U.S. troops who died in past and present wars, and some patriotic music by means of a school choir, band and/or orchestra, together with songs from a musical used as a tribute to the troops.

Veterans Day is meant to honor and thank all armed forces personnel who served the U.S. in all wars, specifically living veterans. it’s marked through parades and church services and in lots of locations the American flag is hung at 1/2 mast. A length of silence lasting two minutes could also be held at 11am. Some faculties are closed on Veterans Day, while others do not shut, however choose to mark the party with different assemblies or different actions.

Veterans Day is formally observed on November 11. however, if it falls on a week day, many communities cling their celebrations on the weekend closest to this date. this is to enable more people to attend and take part in the events. Federal government offices are closed on November eleven. If Veterans Day falls on a Saturday, they are closed on Friday November 10. If Veterans Day falls on a Sunday, they’re closed on Monday November 12. State and local governments, schools and non-governmental businesses should not required to close and may decide to remain open or closed. Public transit programs could observe an ordinary or vacation schedule.

On the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the 11th month of 1918 an armistice between Germany and the Allied nations came into effect. On November eleven, 1919, Armistice Day was honored for the first time. In 1919, President Wilson proclaimed the day must be “full of solemn satisfaction within the heroism of individuals who died in the united states’s provider and with gratitude for the victory”. there have been plans for parades, public conferences and a brief suspension of industry actions at 11am.

In 1926, the U.S. Congress formally recognized the tip of World conflict I and declared that the anniversary of the armistice must be commemorated with prayer and thanksgiving. The Congress also requested that the president must “issue a proclamation calling upon the officials to display the flag of the us on all government structures on November 11 and alluring the individuals of the U.S. to observe the day in colleges and church buildings, or other suitable places, with acceptable ceremonies of pleasant family members with all other peoples.”

An Act (fifty two Stat. 351; 5 U. S. Code, Sec. 87a) was authorized on may thirteen, 1938, which made November 11 in each and every 12 months a legal holiday, known as Armistice Day. this present day was once in the beginning supposed to honor veterans of World struggle I. a few years later, World war II required the most important mobilization of service men in the history of the U.S. and the American forces fought in Korea. In 1954, the veterans carrier companies entreated Congress to change the phrase “Armistice” to “Veterans”. Congress authorized this change and on June 1, 1954, November eleven changed into a day to honor all American veterans, where ever and on every occasion they’d served.

In 1968 the Uniforms holiday bill (Public legislation 90-363 (eighty two Stat. 250)) made an attempt to move Veterans Day to the fourth Monday of October. The invoice took effect in 1971. on the other hand, this led to various confusion as many states disagreed with this decision and continued to hold Veterans Day activities on November eleven. In 1975, President Gerald R. Ford signed Public law 94-ninety seven (89 Stat. 479), which stated that Veterans Day would again be seen on November 11 from 1978 onwards. Veterans Day remains to be seen on November 11.

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